Tropical plants come from a warm climate and that is the reason for them being called ‘Tropical’.
Many of the houseplants available usually for sale are Tropical plants. This is because they are very easy to grow and require only a little amount of care.
Almost all of the Tropical plants come from Tropical forests where they thrive under the shade of large trees. Their native habitat makes them excellent choices for homes where there is no direct sunlight.
Advantages of growing indoor Tropical plants
Tropical plants accent the indoor environments with their pleasant appearance. You no longer need to go out for some greenery, as you can have a Tropical jungle right inside your premises.
Tropical plants decorate the spot in which they are kept and attract a lot of attention.
Being Tropical, they thrive very well in shady places, which is why they are kept indoors. They tolerate a wide range of light conditions.
Even those Tropical plants requiring bright light do equally well under artificial grow lights.
Tropical indoor plants serve to purify indoor air and are excellent to get rid of toxins and increase the oxygen level indoors.
Tropical plants have attractive foliage that can have a positive impact on our mental and physical health.
These plants can be grown very easily. With a little effort and a bit of care, they are known to thrive for years.
Best Indoor Tropical Plants that are Easy to Grow
Let’s have a look at some of the best indoor tropical plants that you can consider keeping in your homes.
Dracaena corn plant
It is quite easy to grow and maintain Dracaenas.
They have beautiful long green leaves and can grow over 4 feet tall. The Dracaena corn plant is tolerant of low light and doe not require much water.
The plant has beautiful ‘heart-shaped’ leaves and can bloom for a long time in relatively low light conditions.
Anthurium is a great plant for purifying indoor air by absorbing toxins- specifically ammonia and xylene.
The flowers are available in different colors- red, pink, white, yellow. You can choose any color to match your indoor decor.
They are cousins of Anthurium and bloom for months. They grow well in bright indirect light.
According to NASA, peace lilies are one of the best air-purifying plants. They can absorb formaldehyde, benzene, trichloroethylene, xylene, toluene, and ammonia.
The white flower is a unique curved bract covering the real flower. The bract enhances the beauty of peace lilies. They are also known to absorb acetone vapors.
The Dragon Tree
This tropical house plant is quite popular. With the right amount of care, it survives for many years, reaching full height in about ten years.
It is a hardy tropical plant that can be left untouched for weeks. It grows quite well in low light conditions
Palms are the most natural Tropical plants to grow indoors. Parlour palm is one of the best options for beginners.
It does very well in low light conditions and requires less water. The soil needs to be kept moist. The plant can grow up to a height of 3 feet indoors.
These are the most commonly grown Tropical houseplants. They require minimum care and can spread out in a very short duration of time.
Spider plants have beautiful green leaves with attractive white stripes in the middle. They thrive in bright indirect light.
Aloe Vera Plant
Aloe veras are famous for cleaning ‘indoor air’ pollutants. All they require is bright indirect light.
Their requirement of water is very less as they are succulents. Their leaves retain a lot of water for a while.
Kentia Palm Plant
Palms are beautiful houseplants, and kentia palms are easy to grow. They are tall enough to fill empty corners and require bright indirect light.
It was a favorite houseplant of Queen Victoria. She used to keep a lot of kentia palms in her palaces.
Snake plants are featured among the top 10 air purifying plants by NASA. They have long leaves that are striking and beautiful.
Snake plants do not require much care and can survive in dry air, making it perfect for indoors.
Few other Tropical houseplants that are easy to grow are Jade plants, African violets, Orchids, Bromeliads, Dumb cane, Dwarf Schefflera, Cabbage palm, Zebra plant, and Croton.
How to Care for Indoor Tropical Plants
Tropical house plants are very easy to grow. There are many varieties to choose from, and most of them have similar basic needs.
Always read about the plant you want to purchase. This way, you get an idea about plants that are apt for the light conditions inside your home.
Tropical house plants do not require a lot of care. With the right environment, they can thrive and live for years!
Tropical houseplants like their soil to stay moist but not wet. They require well-drained soil as overwatering can cause the plants to suffocate and die.
Let them dry up to an inch below the soil surface in between watering. An easy way to check is with your fingers up to your knuckles.
They love getting misted daily with a spray bottle. If you are using tap water, leave it open for 24 hours before watering the tropical plants full.
Collect rainwater in a vessel and water your tropical plants with it. They love rainwater!
Light Conditions Needed for Tropical Houseplants
Tropical plants thrive in bright indirect light. However, many tropical plants can tolerate low light conditions as well as filtered light.
The room in which they are kept needs to have some natural light or artificial grow lights. Tropical plants cannot survive in rooms with no light from windows/ grow lights.
If the Tropical indoor plants start to lose color and look dull, move the plant to a sunny corner or add indoor grow lights.
Tropical plants can get burnt in direct sunlight. Keep them away from sunny windows where direct sunlight is falling on them.
The ideal location for them is near a window that gets at least 5 to 7 hours of curtain filtered, indirect light.
Soil Requirements for Tropical Plants
Tropical house plants do very well in general-purpose potting soil.
If you water your plants less frequently, you can add peat moss for vermiculite. This will help the plant to retain moisture for a long time.
If you usually overwater your plants, you can add perlite. They help the water to drain out faster.
Keep in mind that under-watering a Tropical plant is always better than overwatering.
Overwatering can kill Tropical plants.
Temperature Requirements of Indoor Tropical Plants
Always keep your Tropical plants in humid surroundings with a temperature of around 70 degrees Fahrenheit. They are very susceptible to cold and do not like to be placed in air condition rooms, drafty corners.
If you must place them in AC rooms, take care to maintain the humidity requirements of the Tropical plants. Keep a bowl of water or pebbles tray.
As they are tropical house plants, they require a good amount of humidity. Keep them in rooms where water is used quite often, like a kitchen or bathroom.
You can also use a room humidifier or keep a pebbles tray with water under the plant. Make sure that the plant container does not come in contact with water beneath the pebbles.
You can measure the humidity of the room with the help of an indoor humidity monitor.
Fertilizer for Indoor Tropical Plants
Fertilize the plant with a tropical liquid fertilizer once every 4 to 6 weeks until fall. Stop fertilizing in winters.
Use ‘Organic Tropical’ fertilizers. Do not fertilize with harsh chemicals as the Tropical plants are sensitive and can burn.
A ‘compost liquid’ fertilizer can also be used. You can make a liquid fertilizer with ‘compost tea bags’. Fertilizing once a month is good enough.
Common Problems when Growing Tropical Plants Indoors
If you give your tropical plants the right environment and nutrition, they will remain healthy and thrive.
Being indoors, they are susceptible to dust and pests so occasional wiping down and using neem oil spray from time to time will help to keep the pest and diseases away.
Insecticidal soap spray can also be used. Use sticky traps to get rid of flying pests on tropical houseplants.
Some of the common problems that occur while growing tropical plants are:
Loss of leaf color
If the Tropical plants start to spot a dull leaf color, it is due to lack of light.
Place it near a bright area or use a grow light for the plant.
Brown leaves/ yellow wilted leaves
This usually occurs due to under or overwatering the Tropical plants.
Brown leaves are also a result of dry air and the absence of humidity.
Also read: Why Is My Aloe Vera Plant Turning Brown?
Weak, spindly growth
When the tropical plant doesn’t get proper sunlight, it results in the plant becoming weak.
It will sport leggy or spindly weak growth and start to bend towards the nearest light source. Change the plant location or use ‘Grow lights’ over them.
Falling of leaves
Falling of leaves is quite often due to improper water conditions. The problem can be under watering or overwatering.
Use a moisture meter to know the correct watering for your plant.
Tropical plants are the most adjustable indoor plants. They do not require a lot of care. Just keep them in a bright room or grow them under artificial grow lights.
Being Tropical, they love humidity. Make sure to mist them daily with a spray bottle.
A humidifier or pebbles tray also works well. Save them from the cold by keeping the room warm and humid. Keep good air circulation to avoid pests and diseases.
Keeping all the care instruction in mind, create a Tropical paradise at home. They are straightforward to grow and look quite attractive. Have fun while taking care of your indoor Tropical plants.
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